FANDOM


Congenital Anomaly of the Upper Airway : Laryngomalacia

Leukemia in Children : ALL Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

1° Tumor arising from bone in adults

· Multiple Myeloma

Adrenal Medullary Tumor – Adults

· Pheochromocytoma

Adrenal Medullary Tumor – Children

· Neuroblastoma

Bacterial Meningitis – adults

· Neisseria meningitidis

Bacterial Meningitis – elderly

· Strep pneumoniae

Bacterial Meningitis – newborns

· E. coli

Bacterial Meningitis – toddlers

· Hib

Bone Tumors

· Metasteses from Breast & Prostate

Brain Tumor – Child

· Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)

Brain Tumor –Adult

· Astrocytoma (including Glioblastoma Multiforme) then: mets, meningioma, Schwannoma

Breast Carcinoma

· Invasive Duct Carcinoma

Breast Mass

· Fibrocystic Change (Carcinoma is the most common is post-menopausal women)

Bug in Acute Endocarditis

· Staph aureus

Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia pt

· Klebsiella

Bug in Epiglottitis

· Hib

Bug in GI Tract

· Bacteroides (2nd – E. coli)

Bug in IV drug user bacteremia / pneumonia

· Staph aureus

Bug in PID

· N. Gonnorrhoeae

Bug in Subacute Endocarditis

· Strep Viridans

Cardiac 1° Tumor – Adults

· Myxoma “Ball Valve”

Cardiac 1° Tumor – Child

· Rhabdomyoma

Cardiac Tumor – Adults

· Metasteses

Cardiomyopathy

· Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy

Cause of 2° HTN

· Renal Disease

Cause of Addison’s

· Autoimmune (2nd – infection)

Cause of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

· 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency (then, 11-)

Cause of Cushings

· Exogenous Steroid Therapy (then, 1° ­ ACTH, Adrenal Adenoma, Ectopic ACTH)

Cause of death in Alzheimer pts

· Pneumonia

Cause of death in Diabetics

· MI

Cause of Death in SLE pts.

· Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative)

Cause of Dementia

· Alzheimer’s

Cause of Dementia (2nd most common)

· Multi-Infarct Dementia

Cause of food poisoning

· Staph aureus

Cause of mental retardation

· Down’s

Cause of mental retardation (2nd most common)

· Fragile X

Cause of preventable blindness

· Chlamydia

Cause of Pulmonary HTN

· COPD

Cause of SIADH

· Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung

Chromosomal disorder

· Down’s

Congenital cardiac anomaly

· VSD (membranous > muscular)

Congenital early cyanosis

· Tetralogy of Fallot

Coronary Artery thrombosis

· LAD

Demyelinating Disease

· Multiple Sclerosis

Dietary Deficiency

· Iron

Disseminated opportunistic infection in AIDS

· CMV (Pneumocystis carinii is most common overall)

Esophageal cancer

· SCCA

Fatal genetic defect in Caucasians

· Cystic Fibrosis

Female Tumor

· Leimyoma

Form of Amyloidosis

· Immunologic (Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also called the Amyloid Light Chain)

Form of Tularemia

· Ulceroglandular

Gynecologic malignancy

· Endometrial Carcinoma

Heart Murmur

· Mitral Valve Prolapse

Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis

· Mitral

Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis in IV drug users

· Tricuspid

Heart Valve involved in Rheumatic Fever

· Mitral then Aortic

Hereditary Bleeding Disorder

· Von Willebrand’s Disease

Liver 1° Tumor

· Hepatoma

Liver Disease

· Alcoholic Liver Disease

Location of Adult brain tumors

· Above Tentorium

Location of Childhood brain tumors

· Below Tentorium

Lysosomal Storage Disease

· Gaucher’s

Motor Neuron Disease

· ALS

Neoplasm – Child

· Leukemia

Neoplasm – Child (2nd most common)

· Medulloblastoma of brain (cerebellum)

Nephrotic Syndrome

· Membranous Glomerulonephritis

Opportunistic infection in AIDS

· PCP

Ovarian Malignancy

· Serous Cystadenoma

Ovarian Tumor

· Hamartoma

Pancreatic Tumor

· Adeno (usually in the head)

Patient with ALL / CLL / AML / CML

· ALL - Child / CLL - Adult over 60 / AML - Adult over 60 / CML - Adult 35-50

Patient with Goodpasture’s

· Young male

Patient with Reiter’s

· Male

Pituitary Tumor

· Prolactinoma (2nd – Somatotropic “Acidophilic” Adenoma)

Primary Hyperparathyroidism

· Adenomas (followed by: hyperplasia, then carcinoma)

Pt. With Hodgkin’s

· Young Male (except Nodular Sclerosis type – Female)

Pt. With Minimal Change Disease

· Young Child

Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

· Hypocalcemia of Chronic Renal Failure

Sexually transmitted disease

· Chlamydia

Site of Diverticula

· Sigmoid Colon

Site of metastasis

· Regional Lymph Nodes

Site of metastasis (2nd most common)

· Liver

Sites of atherosclerosis

· Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid

Skin Cancer

· Basal Cell Carcinoma

Stomach cancer

· Adeno

Testicular Tumor

· Seminoma

Thyroid Cancer

· Papillary Carcinoma

Tracheoesophageal Fistula

· Lower esophagus joins trachea / upper esophagus – blind pouch

Tumor of Infancy

· Hemangioma

Type of Hodkin’s

· Mixed Cellularity (versus: lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion, nodular sclerosis)

Type of Non-Hodgkin’s

· Follicular, small cleaved

Vasculitis (of medium & small arteries)

· Temporal Arteritis

Viral Encephalitis

· HSV

1° Tumor arising from bone in adults

Multiple Myeloma
Adrenal Medullary Tumor ­ Adults Pheochromocytoma
Adrenal Medullary Tumor ­ Children Neuroblastoma
Bacterial Meningitis ­ adults Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial Meningitis ­ elderly Strep pneumoniae
Bacterial Meningitis ­ newborns E. coli
Bacterial Meningitis ­ toddlers Hib
Bone Tumors Metasteses from Breast & Prostate
Brain Tumor ­ Child Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Brain Tumor ­Adult Astrocytoma (including Glioblastoma Multiforme) then: mets, meningioma, Schwannoma
Breast Carcinoma Invasive Duct Carcinoma
Breast Mass Fibrocystic Change (Carcinoma is the most common is post-menopausal women)
Bug in Acute Endocarditis Staph aureus
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia pt Klebsiella
Bug in Epiglottitis Hib
Bug in GI Tract Bacteroides (2nd ­ E. coli)
Bug in IV drug user bacteremia / pneumonia Staph aureus
Bug in PID N. Gonnorrhoeae
Bug in Subacute Endocarditis Strep Viridans
Cardiac 1° Tumor ­ Adults Myxoma "Ball Valve"
Cardiac 1° Tumor ­ Child Rhabdomyoma
Cardiac Tumor ­ Adults Metasteses
Cardiomyopathy Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy
Cause of 2° HTN Renal Disease
Cause of Addison's Autoimmune (2nd ­ infection)
Cause of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency (then, 11-)
Cause of Cushings Exogenous Steroid Therapy (then, 1° - ACTH, Adrenal Adenoma, Ectopic ACTH)
Cause of death in Alzheimer pts Pneumonia
Cause of death in Diabetics MI
Cause of Death in SLE pts. Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative)
Cause of Dementia Alzheimer's
Cause of Dementia (2nd most common) Multi-Infarct Dementia
Cause of food poisoning Staph aureus
Cause of mental retardation Down's
Cause of mental retardation (2nd most common) Fragile X
Cause of preventable blindness Chlamydia
Cause of Pulmonary HTN COPD
Cause of SIADH Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung
Chromosomal disorder Down's
Congenital cardiac anomaly VSD (membranous > muscular)
Congenital early cyanosis Tetralogy of Fallot
Coronary Artery thrombosis LAD
Demyelinating Disease Multiple Sclerosis
Dietary Deficiency Iron
Disseminated opportunistic infection in AIDS CMV (Pneumocystis carinii is most common overall)
Esophageal cancer SCCA
Fatal genetic defect in Caucasians Cystic Fibrosis
Female Tumor Leimyoma
Form of Amyloidosis Immunologic (Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also called the Amyloid Light Chain)
Form of Tularemia Ulceroglandular
Gynecologic malignancy Endometrial Carcinoma
Heart Murmur Mitral Valve Prolapse
Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis Mitral
Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis in IV drug users Tricuspid
Heart Valve involved in Rheumatic Fever Mitral then Aortic
Hereditary Bleeding Disorder Von Willebrand's Disease
Liver 1° Tumor Hepatoma
Liver Disease Alcoholic Liver Disease
Location of Adult brain tumors Above Tentorium
Location of Childhood brain tumors Below Tentorium
Lysosomal Storage Disease Gaucher's
Motor Neuron Disease ALS
Neoplasm ­ Child Leukemia
Neoplasm ­ Child (2nd most common) Medulloblastoma of brain (cerebellum)
Nephrotic Syndrome Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Opportunistic infection in AIDS PCP
Ovarian Malignancy Serous Cystadenoma
Ovarian Tumor Hamartoma
Pancreatic Tumor Adeno (usually in the head)
Patient with ALL / CLL / AML / CML ALL - Child / CLL - Adult over 60 / AML - Adult over 60 / CML - Adult 35-50
Patient with Goodpasture's Young male
Patient with Reiter's Male
Pituitary Tumor Prolactinoma (2nd ­ Somatotropic "Acidophilic" Adenoma)
Primary Hyperparathyroidism Adenomas (followed by: hyperplasia, then carcinoma)
Pt. With Hodgkin's Young Male (except Nodular Sclerosis type ­ Female)
Pt. With Minimal Change Disease Young Child
Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Hypocalcemia of Chronic Renal Failure
Sexually transmitted disease Chlamydia
Site of Diverticula Sigmoid Colon
Site of metastasis Regional Lymph Nodes
Site of metastasis (2nd most common) Liver
Sites of atherosclerosis Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid
Skin Cancer Basal Cell Carcinoma
Stomach cancer Adeno
Testicular Tumor Seminoma
Thyroid Cancer Papillary Carcinoma
Tracheoesophageal Fistula Lower esophagus joins trachea / upper esophagus ­ blind pouch
Tumor of Infancy Hemangioma
Type of Hodkin's Mixed Cellularity (versus: lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion, nodular sclerosis)
Type of Non-Hodgkin's Follicular, small cleaved
Vasculitis (of medium & small arteries) Temporal Arteritis
Viral Encephalitis HSV
Worm infection in US Pinworm (2nd ­ Ascaris)

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